From time immemorial, firewood has been a very important source of energy for mankind. Later in history, wood for energy decreased its importance because of other more convenient and cheaper sources, mainly fossil fuels. Today, focus is again on use of forests as a producer of energy with main drivers being climate change, shortage and increasing prices of fossil fuel sources, and safety in energy supplies. However, intensive use of forest biomass is qu- tioned since fundamental ecological processes may be influenced negatively thus making up a trade-off with the benefits of using an otherwise sustainable source of energy. In this book, selected aspects of intensive use of forest b- mass for energy is treated with main focus on ecological aspects like maintenance of soil fertility, recycling of the combustion ash, inf- ence on biodiversity and pests, and economical aspects both at forest owners level and for society. Another focus point is the implemen- tion of this knowledge into decision support, recommendations and guidelines. The geographical scope is mainly the Nordic and Baltic region. The EU-financed project "Wood for Energy, - a contribution to the development of sustainable forest Management" (WOOD-EN- 1 MAN) , make up the frame for the book. Seven partners participated in the project: Forest & Landscape Denmark, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Finnish Forest Research Institute, Norwegian Forest and Landscape Institute, Lithuanian Forest Research Institute, Latvian State Forestry Research Institute, and Estonian University of Life Sciences with Forest & Landscape Denmark as coordinator.
A collection of short horror stories I've written since i was 14. Some sci-fi, horror, dark humor, etc. From zombies, deadly camping trips, satanic road trips, and the legend of "the anti-claus." It's all wrapped up here in this ride through the funhouse of my brain. inside: The Empty Cell: an strange inmate at the Moon Valley County Jail opens a portal to meet his "god." It's not who you think it is. The Hurdy Gurdy Man: a young boy pesters his parents enough to pull over to a gas station to relieve himself. At an old abandoned looking gas station, he meets an ancient evil. A Few Bumps with the Big G: Mr. Delaney is fed up with the Big G getting away with everything and in a meeting at a St. Paul Pub, he confronts the most powerful man on Earth. Row 137: a farmer witnesses strange sounds in the sky and then suddenly watches the world around him fall apart. Alien invasion or government conspiracy? The Ballad of Lou Bradford: A Fair Lakes Police officer is killed in the line of duty, in the afterlife he is given two choices. Midnight Snacks: a vampire and a zombie have a moral catfight in a nightclub bathroom. Road Trip: a business trip to New Orleans during the mardi gras turns into a nightmare and it's a long way home to Minnesota when everyone wants you dead. Anti-Claus is comin' to town: The Gilbertson family finds out what happens to all the boys and girls on Santa's "naughty list." The Ballad of Memphis: Disaster strikes when multi-billionaire Memphis Burroughs launches "The Memphis Belle," the world's first star plane into orbit. 27: What do Janis Joplin, Jimi Hendrix, Jim Morrison, Amy Winehouse and Stu Graham have in common? The Last Stronghold: humanity is ravaged by a virus, and takes it's last stand against a hungry horde of infected. Nex Lacus: a family camping trip to a cursed lake really does turn into their "last vacation" of the year.
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